I wrote the following article in about 1995, after many years of research into the Somerset County Livingston families. I wanted to have the article printed in the "Laurel Messenger" (the newsletter of the Somerset County Historical Society), but its length prevented this. Some of the data did appear in a much truncated article about the Livingstons in the recent August 1998 issue.
THE "OTHER" SOMERSET CO. LIVINGSTONS Part 1, Andrew Livingston: As a descendant of David Livingston of Conemaugh Twp., my path has often crossed that of the "other" David of Quemahoning. It has become a practice of the descendants of my David to refer to David of Quemahoning as "the other David Livingston." I'm sure that the descendants of David of Quemahoning use the same appellation to refer to our David. As I would like to explore both families in the course of this article, I felt the title would be fitting. It is alleged that Christian Leveston, father of David of Conemaugh, was the son of Andrew Livingston, and was therefore a brother of David of Quemahoning. There does seem to be a connection between the two families. According to the Revolutionary pension of his son David, Andrew Livingston was first located in Lancaster Co., Pa., and moved to Frederick Co., Md. around the year 1760. The first solid evidence of his residence in Maryland is shown in a series of deeds in which Andrew buys and sells various tracts of land. The first, in which Andrew purchases 115 acres called "Resurvey" from Thomas Gilbert, is dated 18 August 1767. Another tract of 100 acres called "Miller's Delight" was purchased from Samuel Crable on the same day. Andrew resold "Resurvey" to Thomas Gilbert the following year. At this time the land was described as being located on "Pilgrim's Harbor." The deed was signed Andreas Lowenstien in old German handwriting, and gave the name of his wife as Elizabeth. Andrew and Elizabeth sold "Miller's Delight" to George Darr, Henry Leatherman and Valentine Lingenfelter on 28 March 1774 for 400 pounds. Several months later, on 3 November, Andrew purchased 40 acres from Peter Butman called "Ramble by Quaker's Tricks," a second tract of 126 acres called "Second Choice," and a third called "Stoney Hill." The third tract was a 162-acre portion of a part of a tract called "Parae" which was part again of the original "Resurvey" that Andrew had previously owned. Andrew sold "Stoney Hill" in April of 1785 while a resident of Cumberland Co., Pa., and "Ramble by Quaker's Tricks" on 7 July 1789, while a resident of Bedford Co., Pa. On 18 July 1789, Andrew purchased a 200 acre tract of land in Bedford Co. The land was described as being located partly in Providence Twp. and partly in Hopewell Twp., on both sides of Yellow Creek. He purchased another 100 acres in Providence Twp. in January of 1796, and some additional acreage later. On the Bedford Co., Pa. tax assessments Andrew is listed in Hopewell Twp. for the years 1789, 1791, 1792 and 1793, with 500 acres, 4 horses, 4 cattle, a gristmill and a sawmill. He is not on the later lists, but his son Samuel appears in 1791, and his son David in 1792. The 1790 census of Pennsylvania show Andrew Leviston in Bedford Co. with 3 males over 16 (Andrew, David and Samuel) and 3 females, presumably his wife Elizabeth, daughter-in-law Sarah, and an unknown daughter. On 12 June 1797, Andrew Leviston and wife Elizabeth of Providence Twp. sold to Samuel Leviston of Hopewell Twp. 105 acres called "New Port" on the waters of Yellow Creek in Hopewell Twp, this being part of the land that Andrew purchased in 1789. The rest of the land was sold the same day to John Newcomer. Andrew's other land, including his sawmill and gristmill, was sold in 1799 at a Sheriff's Sale to satisfy a debt he owed to one George Fryer. It is uncertain whether Andrew was still living at this time; he does not appear on the 1800 census, and there is no estate listed for him in Bedford Co. Both he and his wife seem to disappear from the records. Andrew had two known sons: David and Samuel. It is possible that Christian Leviston of Somerset Co. was an older son of Andrew; both Christian and Andrew lived in adjoining counties in Maryland at about the same time period, they both removed to Bedford Co., Pa. around the years 1788/89; Christian named one son Andrew, and another son David. He also named his eldest daughter Elizabeth, the name of Andrew's wife. Due to the large age difference between Christian, and David and Samuel, however, I think it is more likely that Andrew and Christian were brothers--certainly they must have been related in some manner. Sons of Andrew Livingston: 1. DAVID LIVINGSTON b. 10 May 1757, Lancaster Co., Pa; d. 2 July 1843, Somerset Co., Pa.; m. 22 February 1793, ANNA MISHLER. Several accounts of the family of David have already been printed in the Laurel Messenger and other publications, including "Amish and Amish Mennonite Genealogies" by Kreider and Gingerich. The only comment I wish to add to the already voluminous amount of info on David is that I believe the tradition that he was Scottish is incorrect. Not only did his father Andrew sign all of his deeds in the German script, but in a Bill of Sale dated 14 November 1825 from David to his son Samuel, David signed his name "David Levenstien" in unmistakable German script. His son Samuel signed in English handwriting. 2. SAMUEL LIVINGSTON b. 8 August 1766; d. 8 November 1842; m1. SARAH ________; m2. ca. 1800, CATHERINE WIRICK, who was b. 3 January 1781; d. 6 August 1838. Samuel Livingston lived all of his life in Hopewell Twp. He retained the tract of land that he purchased from his father Andrew in 1797, and also warranted an additional 60 acres on 5 June 1816. He is enumerated on the 1800 census in Hopewell Twp. with 1 male 26- 45, 2 males under 10, 1 female 26-45 and 3 females under 10. In 1810 his household consists of 1 male 26-45, 2 males 16-26, 1 male 10-16, 1 male under 10, 1 female 26-45, 1 female 16-26, 2 females 10-16 and 4 females under 10. Samuel wrote his will on 19 May 1841. He left his house and a small meadow on Yellow Creek to his unmarried daughter Sarah. Sons David and William each received $1.00, "in addition to what they have formerly received." The rest of the estate was left to daughters Barbara Wishart, Mary Ford, Elizabeth Hissong, and Sarah Livingston. Sons Jacob, John and Samuel were also mentioned. Samuel and his wife Catherine are both buried at St. Paul's Reformed Church in Hopewell Twp., Bedford Co., Pa. Children of Samuel and Sarah ________ Livingston: 1. Sarah b. 1790 unmarried 2. Samuel b. 1792 3. Jacob b. 1793 4. Elizabeth b. 1794 d. before father m. John Hissong 5. Barbara b. ca. 1797 m. John Wishart Children of Samuel and Catherine (Wirick) Livingston: 6. Mary b. 1802 m. Simon Ford 7. John b. 26 June 1804 d. 16 Dec 1862, Jackson, IA m. ca. 1832, Elizabeth (Grove) Fough 8. Susannah b. 5 October 1805 d. 26 January 1832 m. Jacob Funk. Buried at St. Paul's. 9. David b. 1810 10. William b. 8 January 1813 d. 8 September 1892, Carrollton, IA m. Jane Grove
The signature of Andrew Levenstein, 1787, Frederick Co., Maryland deed. The signature of Christian Levenstein, 1793, when he sold his Washington Co. Maryland land. Signature of David "Lowenstein," s/o Christian, 1812 deed.
THE "OTHER" SOMERSET CO. LIVINGSTONS Part 2, Christian Livingston: CHRISTIAN LEVESTON/LEVINGSTON/LIVINGSTON b. ca. 1740; d. 1800, Somerset Twp., Somerset Co., Pa.; m. 19 July 1778, Hagerstown, Md., to ANNA (MILLER) SPANGLER, who was born ca. 1749 in Germany, and died Oct/Nov 1828, Stark Co., Ohio. The first reference we have to Christian Livingston is his marriage to Anna Spangler on 19 July 1778 at Hagerstown, Washington Co., Maryland. Anna, a widow, had three young sons, John, Christian and Abraham Spangler. Her maiden name was Miller. According to family tradition, Anna came to this country from Germany with her three sons after her husband, Abraham Spangler, was killed by a kick from a horse. She supposedly immigrated in 1776. The traditional account identifies Anna as "Mary" rather than Anna, and it IS by this name that she is recorded on one Pennsylvania census. Her son Abraham Spangler was allegedly born in 1775; and an IGI entry exists for the birth of an Abraham Spangler to an Abraham and MARY Spangler at Graffenroda, Sachen, on 6 January 1775. This may POSSIBLY be the our family of our Anna. Christian Livingston's birthplace is unknown. If he was either a son or a brother of Andrew Livingston (see pt. 1), then he was probably born in this country, possibly in Lancaster Co., Pa. Two traditions, (one related in the "History of Christian Gnaegi"), claim that Christian was a German immigrant. He may have had a former wife who died in Maryland. Christian Livingston warranted a tract of land located on the Potomac River in Washington Co., Md. This 104 acre tract, called "Storm," was sold to Michael Barkman on 1 April 1793, by "Christian Levistone and Ann his wife," who were then residents of Bedford Co., Pa. Christian's stepson Christian Spangler and his wife Eve were also parties to the sale. Christian probably remained in Maryland until 1788, when on 6 December he warranted a 150 acre tract of land in Bedford Co., Pa. (now Somerset Co.), which he called "Distillery." It was situated in Quemahoning Twp., (now Somerset Twp.) on Spruce Run, a branch of Stoney Creek. This acreage became the site of the Livingston homestead. Three days later, Christian's eldest stepson, John Spangler, warranted a 150 acre tract on Quemahoning Creek, which he sold to his stepfather on 5 Feb 1793. This tract was later surveyed at 193 acres, and adjoined the lands of Christian Yoder and John Vanderins. Christian Livingston took up two other tracts in Quemahoning, 100 acres warranted on 15 March 1793, and 100 acres warranted on 28 April 1794. Both of these tracts, and the one he purchased from John Spangler, were located in what is now Stoneycreek Twp. The 1790 census of Pa. shows Christon Leviston in Bedford Co., with one male 16 and up, two males under 16, and four females. Christian died before 25 June 1800, when letters of administration on his estate were granted to Anne Livingstone, widow, and Jacob Yotter. On the same day, a bond of $1200. was posted by Anne Livingstone, Jacob Yotter, Andrew Wey, and Christian Spangler. The inventory of Christian's estate, written in German, was taken on 27 June 1802, and included some of the following items: 4 oxen, 10 cows, 1 bull, 7 calves, 2 mares, 1 filly, 1 foal, 18 pigs and 19 sheep; a wind mill; 2 plows and 1 harrow; a sled; a loom "and what belongs to it," 4 spinning wheels, a steelyard, and a lantern; a shoemaker; misc. dishes, spoons, plates, bowls, pots and crocks; 1 butterchurn; axes, augers, chisels, planes, a hatchet, a mallet and a wedge; a grindstone and a whetstone; a sheep shear; a bellows and fire tongs; 6 beds and 4 bedsteads; several chests; misc. horse harness, collars, halters, bridles and chains; 2 saddles and 1 saddle bag; a watch; 2 psalters and 3 hymn books. Christian's occupation as a distiller was apparent in his inventory; in addition to the above items he also owned 1 still kettle, 11 casks, 1 barrel keg, 4 iron kettles, and 4 barrels of vinegar. His crops in the field included wheat, grass and rye. Christian's estate was appraised at $658.33., and realized an additional $106.71. at the venue sale. Christian was buried in a lone grave near Friedens, on a farm that was later owned by John Long. A petition on Christian's estate was recorded on 7 May 1805, in the Orphan's Court, which named Christian's widow and all of his children.: "David Levingston, eldest son; Ann Levingston, widow; Christian Royer and Elizabeth his wife late Elizabeth Levingston, daughter; Jacob Knage and Susanna his wife late Susanna Levingston, daughter; Catherine Levingston and Mary Levingston, daughters; and Henry Levingston, Andrew Levingston and Ann Levingston, minor children, by their guardian, Jacob Yoder. The petition described Christian's landholdings, and asked that they be divided among the heirs or sold at auction. Among those chosen by the petitioners to examine the land were John and Christian Spangler, their stepbrothers. All four tracts of land were eventually awarded to David Levingston, and he paid the other heirs their shares; the last payment being made in 1808. On 14 June 1806, David sold all four tracts to his brother-in-law, Christian Royer. Christian Royer sold the entire parcel of land to John Wells in 1813, before removing to Ohio. Anna Livingston, Christian's widow, remained in Somerset County for some years after her husband's death. She is found on the 1800 census in Somerset Twp. as "Mary" Levingston, with 2 males under 10, 2 males 16-26, 1 female under 10, 1 female 10-16, 3 females 16-26, and 1 female over 45. Her son-in-law Christian Royer resided with her family at this time. Anna is listed on the tax assessment lists of Somerset County for the years 1802-1806. She is not listed on the 1810 census for Somerset, but may be the woman over 45 living with her son Christian Spangler. Anna moved to Ohio sometime before March of 1813, when her youngest daughter Anne was married in Stark County to Jacob Bachman/Baughman. Anna settled near Freeburg with her daughter and son-in-law, Catherine and Elias Risely, who had migrated to that area from Pa. in about 1807/8. All of Anna's Livingston children eventually moved to Ohio, except for son David. Her Spangler children remained in Pennsylvania. Anna Livingston died at the Risely homestead in the fall of 1828, and was buried in the family graveyard on the farm. Letters of administration on her estate were granted to her son-in-law Jacob Baughman. Her estate papers do not specifically name her Livingston children, but do include powers-of-attorney from her two surviving Spangler sons in Pennsylvania, John and Abraham, and from some of the children of her deceased son Christian Spangler. Her son Andrew Livingston and her sons-in-law Elias Risely and Jacob Baughman made numerous purchases at her estate sale. Anna's administrator, Jacob Baughman, did not live long enough to settle her estate, and the Livingston heirs were finally paid out of his estate in 1832 and 1833. Each of the following received the sum of $65.42 & 1/2: Elias Risily (husband of Catherine Livingston), A. Livingston (Andrew), John Messimore (husband of Mary Livingston), Henry Clippart (guardian of Jesse Livingston, only surviving son of Henry Livingston), Anna Baughman (Anne Livingston, widow of Jacob Baughman), David Livingston's heirs, and Susana Gnaga's heirs (Susanna Livingston Gnagy). Elizabeth (Livingston) Royer received only $17.41&1/2, and Joseph Spangler, a grandson of Anna, collected $66.00 for the Spanglers. An additional amount of $6.12 was paid out to "Spangler's heirs." Christian and Anna Livingston had eight children. The first four or five were probably born in Maryland, though some later claimed a Pennsylvania birthplace. 1. David Livingston 2. Elizabeth Livingston 3. Susanna Livingston 4. Catherine Livingston 5. Mary Livingston 6. Henry Livingston 7. Andrew Livingston 8. Anne Livingston
THE "OTHER" SOMERSET CO. LIVINGSTONS Part 3, David and his siblings: The following are the children of Christian and Anna (Miller) Livingston, of Somerset Twp., Somerset Co., Pa. (see part 2): DAVID LEVINGSTON b. 1779, Washington Co., Md.; d. 18 September 1826, Conemaugh Twp. Somerset Co., Pa.; m. ca. 1804, BARBARA REED, who was b. 7 April 1786 in Pa.; d. 20 April 1846, Conemaugh Twp., Somerset Co., Pa., the daughter of Jacob and Regina ( ) Reed of Conemaugh Twp. David first appears as a single freeman in Somerset Twp. in 1800. In 1803, he purchased 11 1/2 acres of land in Stoneycreek Twp. from Frederick Helm for $118. He sold this same tract to his half-brother John Spangler nine years later for $300. Then in 1822, David purchased about 200 acres of land from Valentine Mishler, situated in Conemaugh Twp. David resided on this land until his death, and his widow continued to farm it until it was sold to their son Samuel in 1846. David's father-in-law, Jacob Reed, died in 1815, and the widowed Regina Reed made her home with David and Barbara. She died 9 April 1846, age 89, and is buried in the Livingston Farm Cemetery. David died intestate in 1826. His administrator was Joseph Yoder. David's personal estate was appraised at $436.39 and included some of the following items: 1 Bible, 2 Testaments, 1 hymn book, 8 other books, a windmill, 2 beds, 1 feather bed, 1 stool, a stove with an 18 foot pipe, a clock in a case, a wagon, 1 plow, 1 shovel plow, 1 sled, 1 man's saddle, several sets of harness, several halters and bridles, 5 cows, 2 milch cows, 1 grey mare, 1 grey "nag" (worth $7.00), 1 roan filly, 3 oxen, 6 sheep, 8 pigs, 11 acres of wheat seed, 6 acres of corn seed at $2.75 per acre, 1 acre of corn, 8 acres of oats at $1.50 per acre, 13 plates, 14 pewter plates, 4 meat plates, various pots of clay, iron and stone, 1 coffee mill, 1 flour box, 1 kneading trough, 1 stone chest, 3 casks, 1 wash tub, 1 watering can, several stands and baskets, 1 sausage chopper, a sausage casing, candle molds, 1 salt barrel, 1 cooking pan, 1 frying pan, 1 butter churn, 1 coffeepot, 1 kraut cutter, several beehives, 1 wheelbarrow, 2 hand saws, 4 axes, 1 hatchet, 3 hammers, 2 wedges, 4 planes, 1 smoothing plane, 1 rabbet plane, several augers and chisels, a miter box, a set of cooper's tool, a joiner's bench and a chopping bench, some spruce and walnut boards, 2 spinning wheels, 1 husking machine, 1 swingling mill, 1 flax break, 2 groping hoes, 1 pitchfork, 1 dung fork, 1 shovel, 2 hoes, 2 scythes, 3 sickles, 1 compass, 1 12 gallon kettle, 1 10 gallon kettle, 1 15 gallon kettle, 1 8 gallon kettle, 1 10 gallon cask, and "18 gallons of whiskey found by accountant at the vendue." Judging from the contents of his inventory, David was probably a cooper and a carpenter in addition to being a farmer. David's land (200 acres in Conemaugh) remained in the possession of the widow until all of the children were of age; it was then purchased by his son Samuel on 6 April 1846, with the widow's dower being set aside for her. She died the same month. Both David and his wife are buried on the Livingston farm cemetery on this acreage, along with his mother-in-law, sister-in- law Magdalena Reed, and his sons John, Samuel, and Tobias and their wives. Children of David and Barbara (Reed) Livingston: 1. Jacob R. Livingston (ca. 1806-1877/8) m. Elizabeth Miller 2. John Livingston (1 Jul 1807-10 Sep 1868) m. Franny Kauffman 3. Samuel R. Livingston (18 Feb 1810-31 Jan 1897) m1. Catherine Horner m2. Barbara (Wissinger) Shaffer. 4. Elizabeth Livingston (2 Dec 1810-22 Jul 1877) m. Jacob Blough 5. Christian Livingston (1813-1878) m. Rebecca Lenhart 6. Moses Livingston (20 Dec 1814-16 Mar 1892) m. Christina Weaver 7. Sarah Livingston (7 Nov 1815-10 Oct 1898) m. William Coleman 8. Henry R.E. Livingston (10 Oct 1818-17 Oct 1891) m. Catherine Fry 9. Tobias Livingston (16 Apr 1821-3 Jan 1891) m. Elizabeth Ream 10. Nancy Livingston (1822-?) unmarried 11. William Livingston (1826-?) m. Susanna ______ ELIZABETH LEVINGSTON b. 1780, Washington Co., Md.; d. 8 September 1853, Auburn Twp., Tuscarawas Co., Oh; m. ca. 1800, CHRISTIAN ROYER, who died 1826, Sugarcreek Twp., Tuscarawas Co., Oh. Christian and Elizabeth resided with Anna Levingston in Somerset Co., and later purchased Christian Levingston's property in its entirety. In about 1812/1813, Christian and Elizabeth Royer moved to Tuscarawas Co., Ohio. The widowed Anna Livingston may have made the journey with them. Children of Christian and Elizabeth (Livingston) Royer: 1. Samuel Royer (1802-?) m. Julianna Bittinger 2. Michael Royer (7 Nov 1803-20 Dec 1886) m. Mary Spangler 3. Catherine Royer (22 Aug 1805-23 Sep 1859) m. Jacob Row 4. Susanna Royer (9 Jun 1807-( Aug 1859) m. Jonas Neff 5. Sophia Royer (ca. 1809- ?) d. unmarried? 6. John Royer (ca. 1810-?) 7. Anna Livingston Royer (ca. 1813-?) 8. Elizabeth Royer (ca. 1817-?) m. John Silvius 9. George Royer (31 Dec 1819-26 Nov 1893, Ashland Co., OH) m. Susan Buzzard SUSANNA LEVINGSTON b. 12 June 1782, Washington Co., Md. d. 10 March 1830, North Twp., Harrison Co., Ohio m. ca. 1804, JACOB GNAGY/CANAGA, who was born 23 February 1780, Somerset Co., Pa., and died 23 July 171, in Harrison Co., Ohio. Susanna and Jacob moved to what is now Harrison Co., Ohio in about 1806, settling near Scio. An account of this family is given in Charles Hanna's: "Ohio Valley Genealogies." Susanna's year of birth is given in the Elias Gnagey's History as 1780, but this would clash with her sister Elizabeth; also, it would make Susanna age 50 at the birth of her last child. Since her birth order in her father's estate papers places her between Elizabeth and Catherine, then she must have been born in 1782. Children of Jacob and Susanna (Livingston) Gnagey: 1. Anna D. Canaga (19 May 1805-1889) m. Daniel Strayer 2. Catherine Canaga (23 May 1807-?) m. Michael Firebaugh 3. Levi Canaga (29 Aug 1809-?) m. Rachel Burger 4. Joseph Canaga (21 Feb 1811-?) m1. Nancy Mower m2.? Sarah ________ 5. Jacob Canaga (15 Jan 1813-1837) m. Sarah Fisher 6. Salome Canaga (10 Aug 1814-10 Aug 1816) 7. Elias Green Canaga (23 Apr 1816-4 Sep 1888) m. Jane McClintock 8. Lydia Canaga (1 Aug 1819-2 Mar 1860) m. Napoleon B. Fisher 9. Manassas Canaga (17 May 1821-?) m. Elizabeth Easelick 10. Susanna Canaga (3 Jan 1823-10 Mar 1854) unmarried 11. Mary Canaga (1825-?) m. Aden McDonnough 12. John Canaga (10 Feb 1830-?) m. Elizabeth Shover CATHERINE LEVINGSTON b. 3 March 1784, Washington Co., Md. d. 30 January 1864, Freeburg, Stark Co., Oh. m. ca. 1808, ELIAS RISELY, who was born 27 May 1780 in Maryland, and died 27 February 1854 in Freeburg. Elias and Catherine removed to Stark Co., Ohio after their marriage. Catherine's mother later joined them in Ohio in 1813 and resided with them until her death in 1828. Both Catherine and Elias are buried at the Freeburg Church of the Brethren Cemetery. Children of Elias and Catherine (Levingston) Risely: 1. ?Michael Risely (ca. 1809-?) 2. daughter 3. Mary Risely (1811-?) m. John Smith 4. Anna Risely (24 Mar 1814-29 Jun 1871) m. Andrew Grimm 5. Christina Risely (8 Mar 1818-29 Jul 1873) m. Jacob Kerne 6. Rebecca Risely (ca. 1820-bef. 1850?) m. David Snyder 7. John Risely (ca. 1822-?) m. Catherine Kener 8. George Risely (Nov 1823-1906) m. Adeline Stuckey 9. Delila Risely (1826-?, DeKalb Co., IN) m. Daniel Phelps 10. Rachel Risely (1830-?) MARY LEVINGSTON b. 23 May 1786, Washington Co., Md.; d. 7 February 1859, West Twp., Columbiana Co., Oh.; m1. spring 1807, Somerset Co., Pa., JOHN KOPP/COPE; m2. 12 November 1815, Stark Co., Oh., JOHN MESSIMORE. Mary married John Kopp in Pennsylvania. "John Capp" first appears on the Somerset Co., tax assessments in 1806 for Somerset Twp., with 60 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows and a cabin. He continues on the lists with the same property through 1810; on the 1811 list he has only his horse and two cows. A Peter Capp in the same township has what appears to be John's 60 acres and cabin in this year; apparently John sold the acreage to Peter (probably his father or brother). John is enumerated on the 1810 census for Somerset Twp. with 1 male 26-45, 4 males under 10, 1 female 26-45, and 1 female under 10. Since John and Mary married in 1807, she would have been his second wife. Two male children which appear on a later census, when Mary is the wife of John Messimore cannot be accounted for as Messimore children, and were possibly Mary's sons by John Kopp. Only one son of John Kopp and Mary is known. A Deed between David Levingston and his siblings recorded on 28 April 1814 contains the following reference: "this 2nd day of May 1807 David Levenston has paid his sister Mary Levenstonen paid in full the part of her portion of the ____? signed by Johannes Kopp." Although still referred to by her maiden name, she and John would have been already married at this time. Another document of this type shows both of her married sisters, Elizabeth and Susanna referred to by their maiden names. John Kopp is not listed on the tax list after 1811. According to "Francis Shaw and Relatives," published in 1921, Mary's former husband, whose name was not given therein, died of wounds received in the War of 1812. The author of the above was living in the mid to late 1800s and was personally acquainted with many members of the Messimore family. On 12 November 1815 at Stark Co., Ohio, Mary Cope and John "Massimore" were married by Michael Miller, A German Baptist Minister. John Messimore was born 3 Dec 1791 in York Co., Pa., the son of John and Catherine (Derwechter) Messimore. John was five years younger than his new wife. John and Mary settled in West Twp., Columbiana Co., near John's mother and siblings. John was a prosperous farmer, who owned real estate which was valued at $1600 on the 1850 census. According to "Francis Shaw and Relatives," the first home of the family was a log cabin; later they built a frame house. Both died in the frame house; Mary in 1859 and John on 2 July 1874. They are buried at the Plains Church Cemetery. The family farm was left to John and Mary's unmarried daughters, Anna and Lucinda. A third unmarried daughter, Mary, was listed on the 1860 census as "insane," and was later committed to an institution. In addition to their own children, John and Mary raised their granddaughter Lydia Messimore, who was the daughter of their deceased son David. The following were married in Stark Co., Ohio, and may possibly be stepchildren of Mary (Livingston) Kopp: 1. Jacob Cup m. Elizabeth Hoover, 26 November 1835 2. Ferdinand Cop m. Polly Smith, 1 October 1837 3. Abner Copp m. Eliza Jones 27, August 1837 4. Henry Copp m. Maria Workinger, 27 March 1836 5. Eve Kopp m. Henry Morganthaler, 7 January 1840 A Jacob Cupp was a frequent purchaser of goods at the estate sale of Anna (Miller) Livingston. Children of John and Mary (Levingston) Kopp/Cope: 1. Samuel Cope (d. 30 Apr 1876) Children of John and Mary (Levingston) Messimore: 1. David Messimore (17 Jan 1817-11 Sep 1855) m. Rachel (Clark) Evans 2. Jacob L. Messimore (11 Mar 1819-?) m. Sarah Hime removed to Indiana. 3. Anna Messimore (30 Apr 1822-19 May 1887) unmarried 4. Mary Messimore (27 Oct 1826-6 Dec 1880) unmarried "insane" Mary died at Columbiana County Infirmary. 5. Hannah Messimore (24 Jan 1829-3 Nov 1893, Alliance, OH) married Joseph Croft 6. Lucinda Messimore (11 Mar 1835-24 Apr 1906) unmarried HENRY LEVINGSTON b. 1790, Quemahoning Twp., Bedford Co., Pa., d. ca. 1817?, Stark Co., Oh. m. ?ELIZABETH? In 1802, Anna Livingston applied for a guardian for her three minor children under the age of 14; Henry was the first of those named. Jacob Yoder was appointed for all of the children. On the second Monday in September, 1805, Henry Livingston came into court and said he was above 14 years and requested John Spangler (his half-brother) be appointed as his guardian. Henry had probably turned 15 shortly beforehand, and was therefore born late in 1790. (He is probably not one of the males accounted for in the Christian Livingston household in 1790; besides the father, the household probably contained son David and stepson Abraham Spangler). Henry apparently married in Penn, as Ohio keeps very good marriage records, and none has been located for him. Henry died before April of 1831, when his son, Jesse Livingston applied for a guardian. Since Henry had only one child, he probably died shortly after his son's birth in 1816. Henry's brother David Livingston had a son Henry, b. 1817, possibly given that name in memory of his brother. Henry's wife may be the Elizabeth Levenstein who married Henry Rafesnider in Stark Co. in 1837 as his second wife. Henry Levingston's son Jesse chose Henry Klippard of Osnaburg as his guardian, and in 1850, Henry Klippard's daughter Frances was living with Henry and Elizabeth (Levenstein) Rafesnider. Children of Henry and ?Elizabeth? Levingston: 1. Jesse Livingston b. May 1816 ANDREW LEVINGSTON b. ca. 1793, Quemahoning Twp., Somerset Co., Pa., d. after 1833 m1. 15 February 1814, Stark Co., Oh., CHRISTINA MACKENTARFER, daughter of George and Catherine Mackentarfer, m2. 9 March 1820, Stark Co., SARAH DEWEESE. Andrew resided in Stark Co., until about 1816, when he removed to Wayne Twp., Wayne Co., Ohio. The will of Andrew's former father-in-law, George Mackentarfer, proved in 1817, was worded in such a way as to indicate that Andrew and Christina had at least two children, one of which was male. The 1820 census for Wayne Twp., Wayne Co., Ohio shows Andrew with one male and one female under 10. Since he had just married Sarah Deweese, these must be his children by his former wife. In 1827, a James McFadden was appointed guardian for a Sarah and Charles Livingston in Wayne Co., this apparently being for the legacy they were to receive from their maternal grandfather. Numerous land transactions are recorded for Andrew in both Stark and Wayne counties (including one contracted with the above James McFadden), the last being a purchase from George Bair in 1823. Andrew attended his mother's estate sale in December of 1828 and purchased the following items: 1 spinning wheel, 2 pillows, 2 and 3/4 yards of flax linen, 1 and 1/2 yards of flax linen, 1 pair of mittens, knitting needles, yarn and flax, 3 handkerchiefs, thread, 2 bottles, 1 towel, 1 spoon and tin cup, 1 sugar box and 1 chest. The total of his purchases came to $6.01. Andrew is not found on the 1830 census for Ohio, but he was living as late as 1833, when he was paid the balance owing him from his mother's estate. I have been unable to determine what became of him after that; a search of census indices for about a dozen western states in 1850 has yielded no Andrew or Sarah Livingstons which match. Children of Andrew and Christina (Mackentarfer) Levingston: 1. Charles Livingston 2. Sarah Livingston ANNE LEVINGSTON b. ca. 1795, Stoneycreek Twp., Somerset Co., Pa. d. between 1840-50?, Stark Co., Oh. m. 4 March 1813, Stark Co., Oh., JACOB BACHMAN/BAUGHMAN. Jacob Baughman, husband of Anne, was born 24 January 1790, the son of Henry and Esther (Bachman) Baughman, who migrated from Lehigh Co., PA to Stark Co., Ohio. Anne and Jacob resided in Nimishillan Twp., Stark Co., Ohio. The 1820 census of his family shows 1 male 26-45, 1 female 16-26, and 1 female under 10. On the 1830 census we find 1 male 30-40, 1 male 20-30, 2 males under 10 and 1 female 30-40. Anny Backman is enumerated in 1840 with 1 female 40-50, 1 male 10-15, and 1 male 5-10. Anne apparently died before 1850. Neither she nor any of her children appear on the 1850 census, but her two younger sons are found in 1860. Jacob Baughman was the administrator of his mother-in-law's estate, but did not long survive her, dying early in 1831, and the balance due Anna Livingston's heirs was paid out of his estate. Jacob's personal estate amounted to $1525.83, a considerable sum at that time. Children of Jacob and Anna (Livingston) Baughman: 1. daughter Baughman d.y.? 2. Levi Baughman (Nov 1825-?) 3. Josiah Baughman (26 Jan 1829-?) m. Mary Ann Bowers 4. Jacob Baughman (20 Feb 1831-4 Apr 1898) m. Catherine Zerbe. Copyright 1998 by Kathie Weigel, Reseda, California.